The civil war in Yemen has been going on for more than ten years. New strikes led by Saudi Arabia have destroyed a bus and killed 51 people, including 40 children. But behind this tragedy, there is a long-standing conflict.
First, during the Cold War, the country was divided. Then, tensions between religious minority (Houthis) and dominant religious groups (Sunnis) gradually rose and lead to the escalation of the level of violence. The Arab Spring has pushed the head of state to leave power. A division of the territories comes next, proposed by the new head of state, but won’t satisfy everyone. Because the Houthis have seized territories bordering with Saudi Arabia, the latter has decided to intervene by leading a coalition with the support of other Arab states. In addition to this, the presence of terrorist organizations has worsened the climate.
The conflict is aggravated by a situation of humanitarian distress. As the country produces little food, the population relies heavily on imports and humanitarian aid. But this humanitarian aid does not reach, or very difficult, to civilians since the various actors of the conflict oppose this aid. As a result, the risk of famine threatens almost half of the Yemeni population. In 2017, a cholera epidemic, a direct result of the conflict, affected nearly one million people, killing 2,000.