Israel is currently under fire from critics after the adoption of its new controversial law. On July 19, the Israeli parliament passed a law defining the country as “Nation-State of the Jewish people.” This text is raising concerns as it is extremely racist against the Arab minority. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described it as a historical moment and congratulated this process. The law, passed by 62 to 55, contains many contested provisions. It makes Hebrew the only official language of Israel, whereas Arabic previously had an identical status. It states that the establishment of « Jewish localities (on Israeli territory) is in the national interest » and proclaims that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, including the eastern part of the annexed and occupied city. Israeli Arabs are the descendants of Palestinians who remained on their land when Israel was created in 1948. They represent 17.5% of the Israeli population who are overwhelmingly Jewish and claim to be victims of discrimination.