In the United States, each month of February since 1976 is known Black History Month. This month is celebrating the contributions of African Americans to American history. Created in 1926 under the name of Negro History Week by the African-American historian Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950), the event was originally intended to make recognize the African-American history, then excluded from the narrative national. It is a way of counteracting the negative stereotypes of former slaves and their descendants’ past. Black History Month is also strengthening the pride of the « black race » in their heritage, in order to inspire the whites to respect them. In 1976, following the Civil Rights Movement, Negro History Week became Black History Month, which is today an official event that has become a national civic institution.